The butterfly-shaped organ, that is, the thyroid gland, is located in the neck’s base. It performs an important function in the body-it releases the hormones responsible for regulation of the growth, metabolism, and energy of the body.
When the thyroid gland function is disrupted, the overall health deteriorates. Hence, when the thyroid is overactive, then the person suffers from hyperthyroidism. On the other hand, when the function of the gland is lowered, hypothyroidism occurs.
Recognizing the symptoms of these conditions timely is important so that the treatment can be effective. According to statistics, 1 in 20 people is prone to develop some type of thyroid problem during their lifetime. What’s more, statistically speaking, women are more susceptible to these conditions than men.
Hype vs. Hypo
As previously mentioned, both of these conditions occur as a result of imbalance of the thyroid hormone. Hyperthyroidism develops as a result of lack of the thyroid hormone in the body and its symptoms are usually dry skin, cramps, muscle ache, excess tissue fluids, fatigue, sensitivity to cold temperature, thin hair, difficulty concentrating, etc.
Hyperthyroidism occurs as a result of overactive thyroid gland and the most common symptoms of this condition are heat sensitivity, weight loss, anxiety, diarrhea, irritation, insomnia, accelerated heart rate, etc.
In some cases, when the gland is overactive, it causes the formation of large lump in the throat called goiter. This lump is a result of iodine deficiency. One of the main reasons behind these conditions is the lifestyle and these are some of the most significant triggers:
Toxins in the body
Moreover, conditions like Grave’s sickness, thyroiditis, or adenomas, can also lead to hyperthyroidism, whereas overexposure to iodine, thyroid removal, or lithium, can lead to hyperthyroidism.
Prevention and treatment
- Proper diet
Increase the intake of zinc, iodine, selenium, and omega-3 fats, and exclude processed foods, sugar, and refined flours.
- Physical activity
Regular workout encourages proper thyroid function and it also rebalances the production of the thyroid hormone.
- Stress management
Relaxing activities like yoga, walks in nature, meditation, and breathing exercises can help you cope with stress much better, and also lower the tension.
- Heat therapy
Sauna sessions for example, can be very effective in detoxifying the body and removing toxins from it.
Always consult your doctor before you decide to use alternative products.
- Prevent thyroid issues by preventing their cause
Lead a healthy diet-avoid gluten and dairy products, lower stress, treat allergies timely and decrease nutritional deficiencies.